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Indian Navy – History

Be auspicious unto us Oh Varuna

Varuna: The Sea is conquered by Bhartiya Nausena through ‘Jal’-water ways. As per Indian history the first Navy was formed by Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. He is also known as the Father of Indian Navy. Whereas it is considered an East India company established in 1612 , then in 1934 it was renamed as Royal Indian Navy similar to the Airforce naming convention. Then when India became a republic in 1950 the prefix was removed and from then it is being called as Indian Navy.

Indian Navy has not only protected its sea borders but also has major contributions in the trading of goods during colonial times as well as in current times. The sea routes are used to connect to various island countries to exchange ideas, technologies, foods for better trade and so on. Indian Navy has always safeguarded sea borders for the national security from the enemies from invading. Regular patrolling and close eye like an eagle has always protected major threats. Post 26/11 which was actioned through sea routes, Indian Navy has improved a lot on the radar, airways patrolling, technological advancements and so on.

The major operation led by Indian Navy was during World War II by safeguarding the Indian Ocean water from enemy to restrict any access into indian lands by other nations. Operation Vijay (Goa Liberation in 1961) . In Indo Pak war 1965, Bangladesh Liberation 1971 , Humanitarian Relief during any disaster for nation and also for the neighbouring countries -(Tsunami 2004, Kerala flood 2018 , Anti-Piracy through sea route, Covid pandemic rehabilitating Indian from neighbouring countries in India etc.

Major Operations underlined:

Operation Trident 1971: During Bangladesh liberation war with Pakistan, Indian Navy has obstructed the Navy from west to East Pakistan to provide full fledge support to Bangladeshi people, many submarines, aircrafts, INS were deployed, among which famous Ghazi Attack (a movie is based on same) was held. The Pakistan Navy HQ in Karachi was destroyed by minesweeper by Indian Navy. Operation Python to retaliate against the Pakistan Naval fleet by destroying their capabilities. Ultimately India has won the war from all territorial ways (land, air, water).

Operation Talwar 1999: During Kargil war, Indian Navy safeguarded Sea routes, to stop any potential threat through waterways. Indian Navy’s aviators also did sorties till tiger hills. They are always vigilant through various underwater activities by regular patrolling under sea.

Operation Madad/Gambhir: One of the major operations during the tsunami hit in 2004 . Indian Navy has reached to various countries, providing evacuation to safe places, relief packages, saving life of stuck in sea and nearby risk involved areas including countries like Malaysia, Maldives, Indonesia etc.

Operation Rahat 2015: This mission was led by Gen V.K. Singh(Retd.) , with Indian Armed forces, to evacuate the Indian/foreign nationals from Yemen during the military intervention by Saudi Arabia. The Air Forces airlifted the citizens, and the Navy evacuated more than 5000+ people from Yemen of more than 40 nationality within 10 days. Considerable support was provided to people by providing all assistance from a mental and physical level.

Other than internal safeguard of India, Indian navy has been involved in various international operations to rescue citizens from war torn countries, like the Lebanon Israel conflict in 2006 through Operation Sukoon. During cyclones in Indian Ocean, Indian Navy has reached every affected country.

Indian Navy has three commands in India (Visakhapatnam, Kochi, Mumbai) and all the officers and soldiers are ever-ready to protect our motherland through their continuous efforts. All the operations have improved the technological advancements in the Ships, aircrafts, submarines, radar system and so on. History has been engraved on the conch shells at sea shores, and those who serve are the supreme.

Recruitment Slogan: “Indian Navy – An Ocean of Opportunities”